Bism Allah Alrahman Alrahem

The Prayer in Islam

Islam means peace and it also means submission to Allah (The Creator).   It is the religion of all the Prophets from Adam to Mohammad including Jesus, Moses, Abraham, Noah, and the others (Peace be up on them all).   Islam got five main pillars on the top of all of them is the Salat (The Prayers).  
There are two types of prayers in Islam; the one which are regular and have to be done daily and they are five and the (Nawafel) which are optional however better performed.  Each time the Muslim (male or female) stand to pray he stand in front of Allah mainly to worship.  The timing of the daily prayers is related to the relationship between the earth and its position from the sun.  The Holy Quran determined three times for the prayers:

Establish regular prayers - at the sun's decline till the darkness of the night, and the morning prayer and reading: for the prayer and reading in the morning carry their testimony (Holy Quran: 17:78)
The prayers in Islam were given to Prophet Mohammad (Peace be up on Him and His progeny) as a gift from Allah Almighty when Allah ascent Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) to heaven in the night of Al-Israa wa Al-Maraj.   Allah gave this gift to Prophet Mohammad to give it to his Ummah (The Muslims Nation) throughout time until the Day of Judgment.  Allah Almighty gave 5 prayers per day but He rewarded them with 50 times, so as if the Muslim prays 5 times Allah will give the reward as if they are 50 prayers.   In these prayers the Muslims stand in front of Allah and they become so close to Allah during the Sojood (prostration) when they fall to their face putting their forehead on the earth as worship to Allah.   Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) said the nearest time the worshiper became to Allah (his lord) when he or she perform sojood.  
During prayer the Muslim can ask Allah anything he or she wants about this life or the next life and most important forgiving his or her sins.  This is a direct relationship between the person and His Creator which may be performed anywhere clean and anytime suitable.  The Muslim has to be clean and perform wathow (ablution) before.   Both the body and the soul joined together to perform the prayers.  There are 2 bowing and prostrations in the morning prayer, 4 in each one of Zohor and Asar (Midday and Teatime) and 3 in Maghreeb (after sunset) while 4 for Ishaa (night).  In each of these the Muslim has to read versus of Holy Quran including the Sura Alfatiha (the opening) and it may take up to 5 to 10 minutes for each whole prayer or it may be longer depending on the person and the circumstances but it have to be done with full concentration and reverence.  Allah knows what is inside the thought of every one. 

Allah will not benefit from our prayers but the full psychological and physical benefits are for us in this life and more in the next life.  Prayers in Islam are healing both for body and soul.  It is a complete freedom from the burden of this life towards the freedom of the openness and mercy of Allah.  The prayers benefits are countless and outside the limits of an article like this. 
Most important that Allah gather all the worships and protrusions of the Angles and make it all in the Islamic prayers and gifted it to Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) who gave this to his nation until the Day of Judgment.

May Allah guide you to the straight path of Islam which is the only way for salvation from the Fire Hell?

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